Voluntary sustainability standards in the cocoa sector

This presentation gives an overview on the advantages and shortcomings of the voluntary sustainability standards Fairtrade International, Utz and Rainforest Alliance in the cocoa sector. It is based on 16 independent impact studies that compare certified and conventional farms in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Indonesia and Peru.

The presentation was given by TDC during an academic session on labels and living income at the University of Ghent, March 15th 2019. 

Foto: Asante Bismark Ghana © Mwangi Kirubi