The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements – IFOAM defines organic agriculture as follows:

“Organic agriculture is a production system that promotes environmentally, socially and economically sound production of food and fibres, and excludes the use of synthetically compounded fertilisers, pesticides, growth regulators, livestock feed additives and genetically modified organisms."

Organic farming is one of the many alternative agricultural systems that have sprung up in response to major current ecological and social challenges: food insecurity, soil degradation, water contamination, health hazards, falling farm incomes